Many of the side effects of depression can be very serious. They can affect each person differently and different medications can have different side effects. For some people, the side effects of the medication subside after a few weeks as their body adapts to the medication. Because the side effects can be very serious, some people stop taking the medication.
Depression can take a few weeks or more to work, which is a major factor in adherence to prescribed medication. If they feel side effects this can increase the problem for people who stop their treatment before the opportunity to get it may have worked. Aside from the side effects of antidepressant medications that cause people to stop taking their medication, trying to find an effective medication can be a long time to try and fail. When the prescribed medication does not work after a few weeks they will need to try another medication until it is found to be effective. People can free up the belief that an effective drug can be found and make them stop trying new drugs.
There are four types of medication used to treat depression, each with different effects on the brain.
Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs)
It was discovered in the 1950s and began to be used for depression later that decade. These drugs have been shown to help with depression but may have more serious side effects than newer medications. This type of medicine is used as a repository or where new types of drugs do not work. These side effects of antidepressants include: dry nose, dry mouth, constipation, changes in diet and weight, blurred vision, dizziness, memory impairment, restlessness, increased body temperature, drowsiness, weakness, anxiety, confusion, sensitivity, sweating, sexual dysfunction, muscle aches, nausea, hypotension, tachycardia, Excessive overdose can cause: abnormal heart rate, tremors, hallucinations, delirium, and coma.
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
This type of medication is also an old form with the serious side effects of antidepressants that can show that it has a fatal food and drug interaction. Particularly prescribed for the treatment of atypical depression is often used as a last resort when all other medications have failed. The FDA has approved a specific drug that has reduced the risk of food poisoning because it does not enter the intestinal tract. These side effects of antidepressants include dry mouth, insomnia, increased heart rate, drowsiness, blurred vision, changes in appetite, muscle spasms and feelings of instability, and loss of sexual desire or ability. And it can interact with certain foods.
This type of drug is a new drug that identifies other neurotransmitters than serotonin. Some drugs may target serotonin and other neurotransmitters with or without serotonin. The chemicals they are exposed to are mainly norepinephrine and dopamine. These side effects of antidepressants include nausea, fatigue, weight gain, insomnia, panic, dry mouth, and blurred vision. Side effects are less severe than older drugs.
Selected Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI’s)
This is also a new type of drug that has become very popular and has proven to be very effective. This drug works by affecting serotonin in the brain. These side effects of the medication include sexual problems, drowsiness, difficulty sleeping, and nausea. In adults over the age of 65, it can cause and exacerbate falls and fractures.
All medications can cause suicidal thoughts in adults and should not be limited to children and should be warned in adults. Withdrawal is also possible with all antidepressants and medications should not be stopped suddenly the doses need to be gradually reduced over time.